MARK SHERMAN AND MARY CLARE JALONIC

WASHINGTON (AP) – Judge Ketanji Brown Jackson tells senators that she will defend the Constitution and decide cases “without fear or favor” if it is upheld by the Supreme Court.

On Monday, she will deliver her opening statement at a hearing in the Supreme Court. She is the first black woman to be nominated to the Supreme Court.

Jackson says she is “humiliated and honored” by her historical nomination.

THIS IS AN UPDATE OF NEWS. The previous history of the AP is given below.

WASHINGTON (AP) – The Senate Judiciary Committee opened a hearing on confirmation by the Supreme Court on Monday, and Republicans promised Judge Ketanji Brown Jackson and Democrats full praise of the first black man nominated to the country’s Supreme Court.

On Monday, the 51-year-old Jackson was to deliver her opening remarks and answer questions Tuesday and Wednesday from 11 senators from the Democratic Party and 11 from Republicans.

With the exception of a significant mistake by 51-year-old Jackson, a federal judge for the past nine years, Democrats, who control the Senate with the slightest advantage, intend to complete its approval by Easter. She will be the third black judge after Turgud Marshall and Clarence Thomas, as well as the first black woman in the High Court.

“Being the first is not easy. You often have to be the best, in some ways the bravest, ”said Democrat Sen. Dick Durbin, a Democratic senator who chaired the committee shortly after the hearing began.

Democrats have tried to preventively refute Republican criticism of her reputation in criminal cases as a judge, and before that as a federal public defender and a member of the U.S. Sentencing Commission.

Jackson “is not a law enforcement agency” and does not “take crime lightly,” said Sen. Pat Leahy, the administration, noting that members of the Jackson family have worked in law enforcement and that it has the support of some national law enforcement agencies. “Judge Jackson is not a judicial activist.”

The committee’s senior Republican, Sen. Chuck Grasley of Iowa, has vowed that Republicans will “ask tough questions about Jackson’s judicial philosophy” without turning the hearing into a “spectacle.”

Sen. Lindsey Graham, RS.C., noted that Democrats opposed some past Republican candidates from blacks who were black or Latinos, and said Jackson’s race would not stop him and his Republican counterparts from asking sensible questions.

He said of some criticism from the left: “The whole point: ‘We are all racists when we ask tough questions.’ It will not fly with us. “

Graham was one of three Republicans who backed Jackson’s approval as appellate judge last year. But over the past few weeks he has said he is unlikely to vote for her again.

Jackson’s testimony will give most Americans, as well as the Senate, the broadest view of a Harvard-trained lawyer, with a resume that includes two years as a federal attorney general. This makes her the first candidate with significant criminal defense experience after Marshall.

Jackson appeared before the same committee last year after President Joe Biden selected her to fill an opening at the Federal Court of Appeals in Washington, just below the hill above the Supreme Court.

The American Bar Association, which evaluates candidates for the courts, gave Jackson the highest rating of “well qualified.”

Janet McCarthy Wallace, NAACP’s general counsel, said she was thrilled to see a black woman on the verge of high court.

“Representation matters,” Wallace said. “It’s important to have a diverse experience on the bench. It should reflect the rich cultural diversity of this country. “

Although several Republicans are likely to vote for Jackson, most Republican senators have not criticized her aggressively, given that her confirmation will not change the 6-3 Conservative majority in court. Several Republican senators on commissions used their time to condemn Senate Democrats rather than Jackson’s record.

Republicans are trying to use her nomination to denounce Democrats as soft on crime, a theme in Republican midterm campaigns. Biden has selected several former public defenders for lifelong judicial positions. In addition, Jackson served on the U.S. Sentencing Commission, an independent agency set up by Congress to reduce disparities in federal convictions.

Sen. Josh Hawley, R-Mo., Said in his opening remarks that his research showed that Jackson had a model for passing lesser sentences on child pornography, echoing comments he tweeted last week. The National Committee of the Republican Party reiterated his claims, which Hawley did not raise when he interrogated Jackson last year before voting against her confirmation of the appellate court.

The White House, along with several Democrats at the hearing, vehemently rejected Howley’s criticism as “toxic and underrepresented.”

Sentencing expert Douglas Berman, an Ohio law professor, wrote in his blog that Jackson’s record shows that she is skeptical of the range of prison terms recommended for child pornography, “but so have prosecutors in most of her cases. the same district judges across the country. “

When Jackson silently took notes, Hawley said he would re-express his concerns at the interrogation over the next two days. He said he considered her sincere and “very attentive” at a meeting earlier this month.

Hawley is one of several Republicans on the committee, along with Ted Cruz of Texas and Tom Cotan of Arkansas, who are potential presidential candidates for 2024, and their aspirations may clash with other Republicans who prefer not stick to scorched earth until Jackson’s nomination.

Biden elected Jackson in February, fulfilling a campaign commitment to nominate black women to the Supreme Court for the first time in U.S. history. She will replace Judge Stephen Breyer, who announced in January that he would retire after 28 years in court.

Jackson once worked as a legal clerk at Breyer early in her legal career.

Democrats are moving quickly to confirm Jackson, although Breyer’s seat will not officially open until the summer. They have no extra votes in the 50-to-50 Senate, which they run as a result of a vote by Vice President Kamala Harris.

But they are not moving as fast as Republicans when Amy Connie Barrett was brought to trial just over a month after the death of Judge Ruth Bader Ginzburg and a few days before the 2020 presidential election.

Barrett, President Donald Trump’s third candidate for the Supreme Court, cemented the Conservative majority of the court when he took the seat of Liberal Ginzburg.

On Monday, the court revealed that Judge Thomas, the oldest member of the court at 73, was in hospital on treatment for the infection, but he did not have COVID-19.

Last year, Jackson was approved by the Senate by 53-44 votes, with three Republicans supporting her.

She is married to Patrick Johnson, a surgeon from Washington, who sat in an auditorium with their two daughters, one in college and the other in high school. She is married to former House Speaker Paul Ryan of Wisconsin, who was a 2012 Republican Vice Presidential candidate. Ryan expressed support for her nomination.

Jackson said her children have supported her in terms of reality, even though she has held the judge’s hammer since 2013.

In the courtroom, she told the audience in Athens, Georgia, in 2017: “People listen and usually do what I tell them.” But at home her daughters “make it very clear that I know nothing, I should not tell them anything, much less give them any orders, that is, if they talk to me at all.”

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