Rowe’s repeal will transfer power over abortion to the state. Many would forbid it

A U.S. Supreme Court ruling depriving nearly 50 years of the right to abortion will result in severe restrictions or bans by states in almost half of the country almost immediately.

The court is ready to overturn the landmark case of Rowe v. Wade in 1973, as well as the subsequent decision on the viability of the fetus, according to the original draft majority opinion in an ongoing abortion case published Monday by Politico.

The bill is not final and may change before the court rules, but the revelation has prompted Democrats – including a group of 17 governors – to codify abortion protection under federal law.

In the case of a final court decision create a patchwork of legal access to abortion across the country, leaving policy-making to states, 26 of which are ready to immediately ban the procedure or impose severe restrictions on it, according to analysis from the Gutmacher Institute, a research group on reproductive rights. The states are concentrated in the South and the Midwest.

Written by a group of Democratic governors led by Tony Evers of Wisconsin letter Congress leader on Tuesday with a request to pass federal law protecting access to abortion.

“Our collective responsibility to protect access to reproductive care, including abortion, has never been more important,” the letter said.

“Coup Caviar will turn back time on reproductive health, and Congress must take immediate action to ensure that our nation does not go backwards and that the rights of all Americans to access reproductive health and abortion continue to be protected. ”

The letter was signed by governors including Evers, Jared Polis of Colorado, Gretchen Whitmer of Michigan, Tim Wallace of Minnesota, Steve Sisolak of Nevada, Phil Murphy of New Jersey, Michelle Lujan Grisham of New Carlino, New Mexico. Kate Brown of Oregon and Tom Wolfe of Pennsylvania.

Alito project

The draft opinion, written by Judge Samuel Alita, leaves no doubt that he seeks to overturn the case of Rowe and Casey against the planned paternity., the 1992 ordinance, which relied on the 1973 ordinance as a precedent for abortion.

“It simply came to our notice then Caviar and Casey should be abolished, ”the draft reads. “The Constitution does not specify abortion, and this right is not revealed … It is time to listen to the Constitution and return the issue of abortion to the people’s deputies.”

Due to the fact that the court is expected to take Rowe against Wade, the race of Pennsylvania governors may determine access to abortion

These elected representatives have taken completely different approaches to abortion policy, but, according to Gutmacher, 26 states are likely to either almost certainly ban or restrict access.

Seven other states, including Colorado, Maryland, New Jersey and Oregon, have passed abortion protection laws this year.

States are largely led by Republicans who are willing to restrict access to abortion, or have never lifted the dormant restrictions that were before Rowe, which came into force again when the ordinance is repealed; enacted “legislation” prohibiting or severely restricting abortion subject to a decision to repeal Rowe; or restrictions imposed after the Roe that have not been complied with but will be enforceable in the event of the abolition of the Roe.

The priority of anti-abortion groups was to take action against abortion at the state level in preparation for Rowe’s annulment.

“Anti-abortion groups have responded very well to getting cookies-making laws in the states,” said Grace Howard, an associate professor of justice at the University of San Jose.

Threat to other rights

Legal observers expected the ruling to overturn or significantly weaken Roe, but the breadth and finality of the draft opinion came as a surprise.

The conclusion was dated February 10 and marked as the first draft. To bring in enough justice to take effect, it will probably need to be moderated, said Carrie N. Baker, a professor of gender studies at Smith College, who noted that the leaked document is just a draft.

Wolf: Due to leaked Supreme Court ruling on Rowe, “abortion is and will remain legal in Pennsylvania”

“It’s Alita’s obvious opinion.” she said. “I find it hard to believe that he will gather everyone on board because it is a rather extreme opinion. But it is very shocking. It’s awful. It makes what we know even more real. ”

Politico reports that a “man familiar” with judicial reasoning said four other conservative judges – Clarence Thomas, Neil Gorsach, Brett Cavanaugh and Amy Connie Barrett – voted with Alita at a conference among judges following an oral debate on December 1. and “selection remains unchanged this week.”

The legal rationale – that any right not enshrined in the Constitution and not protected by the founding of a country cannot be implied by other rights – threatens a range of court-supported remedies, including access to contraception, interracial marriages and same-sex marriages. and sex, legal experts said.

President Joe Biden on Tuesday noted a broader threat to other rights.

“If the justification for the decision that has been issued has been preserved, a number of rights are in question – a number of rights,” he said. “And the idea that we allow states to make those decisions, local people to make those decisions, will be a fundamental shift in what we’ve done.”

Howard said she expects the trend of criminalizing abortion to increase if Rowe is repealed.

Her research focuses on the criminalization of pregnancy in the United States, where she has specifically examined three states: Alabama, Tennessee and South Carolina since Rowe’s adoption in 1973-2015.

She found hundreds of cases where mothers were imprisoned in circumstances that people who were not pregnant were not subject to, including drug tests without consent.

“After tracing Dobbs’ draft, the door opens wide,” she said. “And if it comes into force, if it looks like this draft, we’ll see a lot more things like that.”

She said patients who continue to suffer under these conditions typically include low-income pregnant women and patients who give birth to blacks. Even under Rowe, states have filed lawsuits against the mother, she said.

In a statement, former President Barack Obama and First Lady Michelle Obama stressed the broad powers that the ordinance would give states to impose comprehensive bans.

“According to the logic of the Court, state legislatures can dictate that women carry every pregnancy to term, no matter how early it is and no matter what the circumstances, even rape or incest,” Obama said.

Congress action

On the steps of the US Capitol on Tuesday, Senate Democrats condemned “right-wing judges” and promised to bring a vote in the Senate to codify Rowe’s protection against abortion.

Senator Debbie Staben said Tuesday that Rowe’s rejection “has dire consequences” for everyone. The law in her home state of Michigan will return to the 1931 statute, which made abortion a criminal offense, without exception for incest or rape.

“Imagine what it would mean for a 12-year-old teenager in Michigan who is being raped,” Stabenov said.

Senate Majority Leader Chuck Schumer, a New York Democrat, said he expects reproductive rights to be a major issue for voters in the November by-elections.

Roe did not guarantee access

Even with Caviar on the spot, not all pregnant patients had equal access to abortion, said Derek Siegel, Ph.D. PhD in sociology from the University of Massachusetts-Amherst, who studies race, gender and reproduction. Siegel uses they / their pronouns.

“Rowe vs. Wade has never been a reality for most people in the United States,” they said. “Abortions are very expensive because of the Hyde Amendment, which prohibits federal funds from being directed to abortion. It doesn’t even include travel, accommodation and childcare costs. “

The Gaida Amendment joins federal funding bills every year since 1977 to prevent the use of Medicaid funds for abortion, except in extreme cases.

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