Take precautions in excessive heat Health

Because the entire globe is experiencing volatile temperatures, and many areas are in the midst of record high heat waves, it has never been so important to take precautions in these hot times. Heat-related illnesses and deaths can be prevented, but according to the Centers for Disease Control, more than 600 people die each year and many others become ill.

There are two main things that complicate cooling in hot weather: high humidity and personal factors such as age, obesity, fever, dehydration, heart disease, mental illness, poor circulation, sunburn, and prescription and alcohol use. The highest risk group includes people 65 years of age and older, children under 2 years of age and people with chronic or mental illnesses.

The questions you need to ask if you or someone you care about are in high risk groups:

• Do they drink enough water?

• Do they have access to air conditioning?

• Do they need help keeping calm?

The best ways to prevent heat-related illness and death are:

• Stay in the air conditioner. If you don’t have air conditioning, think about time in public places with air conditioning. The local health department may also have suggestions for places or shelters that can temporarily provide a cool environment. Also, if possible, turn on the air conditioning in the car.

• Do not rely on the fan as the main method of cooling during the heat.

• Drink more water than usual, and be sure to drink even if you are not thirsty.

• Keep the stove and oven off to keep the house colder during the heat.

Even young healthy people are at risk for heat-related illnesses. Try to limit outdoor activities, especially in the south when the sun is hot. Be sure to put on and re-apply sunscreen. Pace of activity. Drink more water than usual and don’t wait until you are thirsty to drink more. (Pay attention to the topic?) Muscle cramps can be an early sign of a heat-related illness.

Also, wear loose, light, light clothing.

In addition to the tips above, showering or bathing can be a great way to cool down. Be sure to check on vulnerable friends, family and neighbors. Never leave children or pets in cars.

We hope you enjoy the last weeks of heat before the cold stays while staying healthy.

The information in this article is adapted from

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