Racist ideology, which is traced from outside the Internet to the mainstream, is explored as a motivating factor in a shooting at a supermarket that killed 10 people in BuffaloNew York. Most of the victims were black.
Ideas from the “big replacement theory” have filled the racist banner allegedly published on the Internet a white 18-year-old accused of targeting black people on Saturday revelry. Authorities are still working to confirm its authenticity.
There were definitely no mistakes racist intentions arrow.
Although experts in the field of far-right extremism advise not to pay attention to such terms of bread crumbs as the racist ideology that inspired the armed buffalo to avoid further spread of dangerous ideas, it is important to clarify the link between these conspiracy theories and the rise of attacks. caused by such anti-immigration rhetoric.
WHAT IS THE “GREAT REPLACEMENT THEORY”?
Simply put, conspiracy theory says that there is conspiracy to reduce the influence of white people.
Believers say this goal is achieved both through the immigration of non-white people to a predominantly white society and through simple demographics where white people have lower birth rates than other populations.
More racist conspiracy theorists believe that Jews are behind the so-called replacement plan: white nationalists are marching at a rally in Charlottesville, Virginia what became deadly in 2017 chanted “You will not replace us!” and “Jews will not replace us!”
A a more mainstream view in the U.S., there is no reason to believe that Democrats are encouraging immigration from Latin America, so more potential like-minded people are replacing “traditional” Americans, says Mark Pitcavage, a senior fellow at the Center for Anti-Defamation League on Extremism.
WHAT ARE THE TRIALS OF THIS CONSPIRACY THEORY?
How long has racism existed? In general, the roots of this “theory” are so deep. In the United States, attempts can be made to intimidate and deter black people from voting – or, according to antagonists, to “replace” white voters at polling stations – on this date in the Reconstruction era, after the 15th Amendment clearly stated that suffrage cannot t be restricted because of race.
In the modern era, most experts point to two influential books. The Turner Diaries, a 1978 novel written by William Luther Pierce under the pseudonym Andrew MacDonald, tells the story of the violent revolution in the United States with a racial war leading to the extermination of whites.
The FBI has called it a “bible of racist rights,” said Kurt Braddock, a professor at American University and a researcher in the Laboratory of Polarization and Extremism Research and Innovation.
Reno Camus, a French writer, published a book in 2011 claiming that black and brown immigrants from Africa had invaded Europe. He named the book “Le Grand Remplacement”, and the name of the conspiracy was born.
WHO ARE THE DEPOSITORS OF REPLACEMENT THEORY?
Some of the most extreme believers, some of the mass murderers of the white race – in a summer camp in Norway in 2011, two mosques in Christchurch, New Zealand in 2019, Pittsburgh Synagogue in 2018, Black Church Charleston, South Carolina, in 2017 – are considered saints, says Pitcavage.
These “white accelerators” believe that small changes in society will not be very successful, so the only option is to destroy society, he said.
The alleged written diatribe by the shooter Buffalo, and some methods suggest that he carefully studied the shooter from Christchurch – especially attempts to broadcast his riots live. According to an obvious screenshot from the Buffalo broadcast, the shooter wrote the number 14 on his pistol, which, according to Pitcavege, is a shorthand of the 14-word slogan of white supremacy.
The written statement of the Christchurch shooter was widely circulated online. If the message attributed to the shooter from Buffalo turns out to be valid, it is also intended to disseminate his philosophy and methods to a wide audience.
IS THE THEORY WIDE?
While tougher forms of racism are disgusting, experts are concerned that extreme views are nonetheless becoming mainstream.
У a poll published last week, The Associated Press and the Center for Public Relations Research (NORC) found that approximately one in three Americans believes an attempt is being made to replace U.S.-born Americans with immigrants in order to gain an election advantage.
On a regular basis, many proponents of more extreme versions of the “excellent replacement” theory speak through encrypted programs on the Internet. They tend to be careful. They know they are being watched.
“They’re very smart,” Braddock says. “They don’t make open calls for weapons.”
The local FBI office is investigating the case as a hate crime and the tragedy of “racially motivated violent extremism” and has named the case a new priority № 1 the Ministry of Justice. This was reported by Adam Harding and Jonathan Dienst of NBC New York.
WHO IS THIS THEORY?
In particular, Tucker Carlson, The most popular person is Fox News, promoted false views that are more easily accepted by some white people concerned about the loss of their political and social power.
“I know that the left and all the gatekeepers on Twitter are getting literally hysterical if you use the term‘ replacement ’if you think the Democratic Party is trying to replace the current electorate, the voters who are now voting, new people, more obedient. voters from third world countries, ”he said in his program last year. “But they get hysterical because, in fact, that’s what happens, so to speak. That’s true. “
A study of Carlson’s five-year show by The New York Times found 400 cases where he spoke of democratic politicians and others seeking demographic change through immigration.
Fox News defended the host by pointing to repeated statements made by Carlson condemning political violence of all kinds.
The attention many Republican politicians pay to what they see as a leaky southern border along the United States has been interpreted, at least by some, as a sign of concern for white people who are worried about “replacement”.
Last year, Eliza Stefanik, chair of the Republican Conference of the House of Representatives, was criticized advertising which claimed that the “radical democrats” were planning a “permanent uprising before the election” by granting amnesty to illegal immigrants who would create a permanent liberal majority in Washington. Stefanik represents the New York area.
Pitcavege says he is concerned about the message sent by Carlson and his supporters: “It actually introduces the conservative audience to the ‘excellent replacement theory’ in pills that are easier to swallow.”